"Biographies of Things"
New temporary exhibition “Biographies of Things. Gifts in the Collection of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews”
We invite you to view our photo gallery of some of the incredible objects featured in this special exhibition.
ABOUT THE EXHIBITION:
The exhibition is being organised as the first phase of the project “Collections – Mementos – Donors”, dedicated to our Donors. Since 2006, the Museum of the History of Polish Jews has been creating a collection out of gifts presented to the Museum in the conviction that this is for them their most fitting place.
"Biographies of Things" – the first exhibition of our collections – is an attempt at a modern look at museum artefacts. They speak much of themselves, but also of the condition of man, who helped to safeguard them. With this exhibition we want to introduce you not only to exceptional objects, but also to exceptional people: people who in donating or loaning items invested their emotions, histories and fates in this new-born institution.
The exhibition is divided into seven parts, each one containing a strictly defined and thematically circumscribed group of objects. The histories of the individual items or groups of items form a universal history when presented together, symbolising the experiences making up the identity of the Polish Jew.
To each group of objects has been dedicated a work of contemporary art. These works by Polish artists, known to the public from other exhibitions or art projects, supplement the main message of the individual narratives, using the language of art.THE EXHIBITION PLAN:
In Jewish tradition the Book is the source of laws and moral norms, the foundation on which the world’s order rests. The books shown as part of the exhibition are antiquarian books on religious topics printed in Hebrew, and non-religious books, mostly in Yiddish, saved at different times and in varying circumstances, preserved for years as anonymous testimonies of a former Jewish presence.
The red encaustic painting of Krzysztof Gliszczyński’s Library (2012) fuses the books together and seals them for all time. It is a radical and painful gesture. The intense red of Wojciech Leder’s painting Doors to the Philosopher’s Cupboard (2002), connects with Gliszczyński’s composition.
Emigration, Journey, Wandering
Lives on the move, in the shadow or fear of yet another emigration – an experience that shaped an important component of the identity of Polish Jews. Objects which emigrated with their owners offered a sense of rootedness and continuity; objects orphaned as a result of emigration were handed over to someone else for safekeeping or given in token of friendship and gratitude.
Dominik Lejman’s video-installation Skaters/Łyżwiarze (2003), a luminous frieze created especially for this exhibition, is a moving metaphor for a lonely journey.
Signs of an Absent Presence
Objects whose presence marks the absence of their Jewish owners. Objects salvaged, kept safely, hidden, or – as Zygmunt Bauman would say “time-smuggled” artefacts, rescued through people's care and devotion to multiple forms of existence.
The negative reversal in the photographic image from the series Black Light (2012) by Tomasz Wendland turns bright areas of light into black, void patches. What we see, therefore, is not a frozen reality, but its lack, symbolising absence.
Personal Mementos, Family Mementos, “Objects with their own Narratives”
Thanks to them, we know who we are, where we come from, we know where our roots reach. In this part of the exhibition we have a unique opportunity to look at an object not just as a “thing-in-itself”; we have the chance to perceive within it a concrete human being and their individual history.
The hands separated from their body, depicted by Magdalena Moskwa (Untitled, 2005), resemble votive offerings. It is precisely hands which have the most intimate contact with personal objects, and with the Other.
These objects document an extraordinary attachment and dedication to the Motherland. Natan Rapoport’s Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, unveiled in 1948, is an integral part of the exhibition. The objects in this space bear witness to the need of having a Motherland. For some, it is Poland, for others Israel, the world...
Art created by Jews, or with Jews in mind. Speaking its own language. This is the only category without an accompanying work of contemporary art. Some of these works point to the fate of Jews, while in others the artists attempt to step out of their own cultural context.
For the Jewish community in Poland, during the war and in the period just following, hiding, or hiding one’s Jewish identity, was a general experience. These objects, which took their beginnings in hiding, are exhibited in a glass display case within a space designed by Elżbieta Jabłońska (83 waiters and an assistant, 2006). The glass case is transparent – what is laid within is perfectly visible. For all of these objects, their symbolic reality, in which they were created and in which they endured, was an all-encompassing silence. Their display in this exhibition space breaks this silence. Wojciech Łazarczyk has created a sound sculpture simulating different noises – the quiet pulse of everyday ordinariness, bound by an underlying rhythm. It is no longer noise, but not quite music.
THE EXHIBITION TEAM:
Curators: Judyta Pawlak, Wojciech Leder
Organisational commissioner: Aneta Jasionek
Design: Wojciech Leder
Production: Marcin Duda
"Biographies of Things. Gifts in the Collection of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews" temporary exhibition is followed by a catalogue with texts written by Judyta Pawlak and Wojciech Leder, 144 pages, 281 illustrations.
The exhibition will be presented form October 18th 2013 to February 17th 2014, during opening hours.
Supported from the Norway and EEA Grants by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway
Exhibition organised thanks to the support of