The Jewish Community of Łódź after 1945
Tuesday – July 26
Prof. Krystyna Radziszewska (University of Łódź)
In 1945, Łódź was one of the most important centres of Jewish life in Poland. In late 1945, the city had 29,892 Jewish residents, i.e. 37.3% of the entire population of Polish Jews. Łódź was home to the Central Jewish Historical Commission, the Association of Jewish Writers and Journalists, and the Association of Jewish Painters and Sculptors. The Dos Naje Buch publishing house printed in Yiddish the surviving texts from the Łódź Ghetto. The Dos Naje Lebn newspaper, with a circulation of 10,000, was published twice a week, as well as the literary monthly Jidisze Szriftn – cajtszrift far literatut, teater un kultur. The city had a Jewish theatre which was managed by outstanding actress, Ida Kamińska, after she returned from the Soviet Union. Films such as Undzere Kinder and Mir lebengeblibene were made in the Kinor film cooperative. Aleksander Ford returned to Łódź with the Polish army, and made his movies there. Until 1968, Jewish students could learn in Łódź's Perec School, which was closed down after the events of March 1968. Łódź was also home to political parties, numerous Jewish organisations and cooperatives. In 1946, after the Kielce pogrom, emigration intensified, and the events of March 1968 had a particularly strong impact on the lives of Łódź Jews. Currently, Jewish life is being restored in the city. The small Jewish community tries to be very active. Łódź has a small synagogue, ritual bath, day care centre, hotel, and a kosher store. Yiddish language courses and celebrations of the most important Jewish holidays are also organised there.
Comments after the lecture will be delivered by Prof. Shimon Redlich.
The implementation of the project is possible due to the support of Nissenbaum Family Foundation.